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Orthodontics 101

[VIDEO] Aesthetic Tooth Alignment

These ‘invisible’ retainers can straighten teeth without braces. Talk to Dr. Scott to find out if this option is right for you.


[VIDEO] Bonded Retainer

A bonded retainer is fixed to your teeth to keep them straight and stop them becoming crowded again.


[VIDEO] Various Braces Compared

At Smilecare we use several different styles of braces, depending on the severity of the problem and whether you prefer less visible ceramic braces.


[VIDEO] Braces for Crowding

If there’s not enough space in your mouth for all your teeth to fit in a row, some teeth will twist or move in front of or behind neighbouring teeth. This can make them hard to clean and might make you self-conscious about your smile – but this crowding can be corrected with braces.


[VIDEO] Braces Proxy Brush

This little brush will help keep your teeth clean and healthy while you’re wearing braces.


[VIDEO] Celb Retainer

This retainer helps prevent bite problems by preventing thumb sucking, tongue thrusting or tooth grinding.


[VIDEO] Class I Malocclusion

This form of malocclusion, or misalignment, is where the top teeth overlap the bottom teeth slightly and the bite is normal.


[VIDEO] Class II Malocclusion

This alignment problem is where there is a severe overbite, with the upper teeth and jaw significantly overlapping the lower teeth and jaw.


[VIDEO] Class III Malocclusion

This alignment problem is where there is a severe underbite, with the lower jaw protruding forward.


[VIDEO] Closed Bite

A closed bite is where the front teeth and jaw overlap the lower jaw, causing the lower teeth to make contact with the roof of the mouth.


[VIDEO] Crossbite

A crossbite is a type of misalignment where the upper and lower teeth don’t meet correctly when you bite together.


[VIDEO] Flossing With Braces

When you have braces, it’s crucial to keep your teeth clean. These tips will help you floss correctly while wearing braces.


[VIDEO] Hawley Retainer

A Hawley retainer uses a metal wire to keep your teeth in place. The wire is attached to an acrylic plate that sits on the roof of your mouth.


[VIDEO] Hawley Elastic

Used before or after braces, this is an elastic band that attaches to a Hawley retainer to help move your teeth into the correct position.


[VIDEO] Hawley Spring

This retainer uses a spring (encased in acrylic material) to move teeth into a more desirable position.


[VIDEO] Herbst Appliance

Usually used together with braces, this appliance helps correct an overbite by encouraging the lower jaw to develop in a forward direction.


[VIDEO] Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are attached to the back of your teeth, so are much less noticeable than traditional braces.


[VIDEO] Lower Lingual Arch

This arch-shaped wire is used to maintain space in the lower jaw.


[VIDEO] Nance Appliance Case A

This appliance can be used to slightly adjust your upper molars or hold them in place as needed.


[VIDEO] Nance Appliance Case B

This appliance can be used to slightly adjust your upper molars or hold them in place as needed.


[VIDEO] Open Bite

An open bite is where there is a gap between the upper and lower teeth when the mouth is closed.


[VIDEO] Quad Helix

This orthodontic appliance can help create space in your upper jaw, and is fixed in the mouth by a dentist.


[VIDEO] Rapid Palatal Expander

This appliance can create more room in the upper palate by placing pressure on the jaw.


[VIDEO] Ricketts Retainer

This retainer uses a metal wire attached to a plastic plate to hold your teeth in place.


[VIDEO] Sagittal Appliance

This inconspicuous, removable brace gradually creates more room for crowded teeth. When you talk, bite or chew, the appliance exerts gentle pressure on your teeth and dental arches.


[VIDEO] Space Maintainer

This custom-made appliance can hold space in your mouth while waiting for a permanent tooth to erupt.


[VIDEO] Tongue Thrusting

Tongue thrusting is the habit of pushing your tongue between your upper and lower front teeth when you swallow. Over time, it can cause problems with your teeth and bite.